One may be charged with theft if he or she knowingly takes control of someone else’s property or services with the purpose of depriving them:
- Without consent,
- By deception,
- By threat, or
- By intimidation.
Virginia codified specifics acts in its code.
2. Commits simple larceny not from the person of another of goods and chattels of the value of less than $1,000, except as provided in clause (iii) of § 18.2-95, shall be deemed guilty of petit larceny, which shall be punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor.
(i) commits larceny from the person of another of money or other thing of value of $5 or more,
(ii) commits simple larceny not from the person of another of goods and chattels of the value of $1,000 or more, or
(iii) commits simple larceny not from the person of another of any firearm, regardless of the firearm’s value,
shall be guilty of grand larceny, punishable by imprisonment in a state correctional facility for not less than one nor more than 20 years or, in the discretion of the jury or court trying the case without a jury, be confined in jail for a period not exceeding 12 months or fined not more than $2,500, either or both.
Virginia law defines the offense as willfully concealing or taking possession of goods, altering the price tag or other price marking, or assisting another with the intent of converting the merchandise to his own or another’s use without having paid the full purchase price.
If the merchandise is valued at less than $500, it is petit larceny; if it is valued at $500 or more, the offense is grand larceny.
It is important to know that simply concealing the merchandise while on the premises is considered evidence of the intent to steal.
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