Schedule A Free Consultation

(216) 292-6655
  • Contact Us

  • Travel Ban : Trump's Executive Order On Immigrattion

    On March 6 president Donald Trump reissued the Executive Order entitled Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States. This order revokes the January 27, 2017, Executive Order, as of March 16, 2017.

    Who the Order Applies To:

    Who the order DOES NOT Apply To:

    Who May Be Eligible for a Waiver:

    Foreign nationals of the designated counties who:

    · Are outside the U.S. on 3/16/17,

    · Did not have a valid visa at 5pm EST on 1/27/17, AND

    · Do not have a valid visa on 3/16/17

     

    ·         LPRs

    · Foreign nationals admitted or paroled in the U.S. on or after 3/16/17

    · Foreign nationals who have travel or admission documents to the U.S., other than a visa, which are valid on or after 3/16/17

    · Dual nationals of one of the designated counties, who travel on a passport issued by a non-designated country

     · Foreign national traveling on diplomatic of diplomatic-type visa, North Atlantic Treaty Organization visa, C-2 visa for travel to the United Nations, or G-1, G-2, G-3 or G-4 visa

    · Foreign nationals who were granted asylum

    · Any refugee who was already admitted to the U.S., or

    · Any individual granted withholding of removal, advance parole, or protection under the Convention Against Torture

    A consular officer, or where appropriate, the Commissioner of CBP or the Commissioner’s delegee may decide on a case-by-case basis to issue a visa to, or permit the entry of, a national of one of the prohibited counties if:

     

    · The national has demonstrated to the officer’s satisfaction that denying entry would cause undue hardship,

    · That his or her entry would not pose a threat to national security, AND

    · Would be in the national interest [Section 3 (c) lists several examples]

     

     

    PROTECTING THE NATION FROM TERRORIST ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES BY FOREIGN NATIONALS

    By  the  authority  vested  in  me  as  President  by  the  Constitution  and  the  laws  of  the  United  States  of  America,  including  the  Immigration  and  Nationality  Act  (INA),  8  U.S.C.  1101  et  seq.,  and  section  301  of  title  3,  United  States  Code,  and  to  protect  the  Nation  from  terrorist  activities  by  foreign  nationals  admitted  to  the  United  States,  it  is  hereby  ordered  as  follows:

          Section  1.  Policy  and  Purpose.  (a)  It  is  the  policy  of  the  United  States  to  protect  its  citizens  from  terrorist  attacks,  including  those  committed  by  foreign  nationals.  The  screening  and  vetting  protocols  and  procedures  associated  with  the  visa-issuance  process  and  the  United  States  Refugee  Admissions  Program  (USRAP)  play  a  crucial  role  in  detecting  foreign  nationals  who  may  commit,  aid,  or  support  acts  of  terrorism  and  in  preventing  those  individuals  from  entering  the  United  States.  It  is  therefore  the  policy  of  the  United  States  to  improve  the  screening  and  vetting  protocols  and  procedures  associated  with  the  visa-issuance  process  and  the  USRAP.

          (b)  On  January  27,  2017,  to  implement  this  policy,  I  issued  Executive  Order  13769  (Protecting  the  Nation  from  Foreign  Terrorist  Entry  into  the  United  States).

    (i)    Among  other  actions,  Executive  Order  13769  suspended  for  90  days  the  entry  of  certain  aliens  from  seven  countries:  Iran,  Iraq,  Libya,  Somalia,  Sudan,  Syria,  and  Yemen.  These  are  countries  that  had  already  been  identified  as  presenting  heightened  concerns  about  terrorism  and  travel  to  the  United  States.  Specifically,  the  suspension  applied  to  countries  referred  to  in,  or  designated  under,  section  217(a)(12)  of  the  INA,  8  U.S.C.  1187(a)(12),  in  which  Congress  restricted  use  of  the  Visa  Waiver  Program  for  nationals  of,  and  aliens  recently  present  in,  (A)  Iraq  or  Syria,  (B)  any  country  designated  by  the  Secretary  of  State  as  a  state  sponsor  of  terrorism  (currently  Iran,  Syria,  and  Sudan),  and  (C)  any  other  country  designated  as  a  country  of  concern  by  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  consultation  with  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence.  In  2016,  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  designated  Libya,  Somalia,  and  Yemen  as  additional  countries  of  concern  for  travel  purposes,  based  on  consideration  of  three  statutory  factors  related  to  terrorism  and  national  security:  "(I)  whether  the  presence  of  an  alien  in  the  country  or  area  increases  the  likelihood  that  the  alien  is  a  credible  threat  to  the  national  security  of  the  United  States;  (II)  whether  a  foreign  terrorist  organization  has  a  significant  presence  in  the  country  or  area;  and  (III)  whether  the  country  or  area  is  a  safe  haven  for  terrorists."  8  U.S.C.  1187(a)(12)(D)(ii).  Additionally,  Members  of  Congress  have  expressed  concerns  about  screening  and  vetting  procedures  following  recent  terrorist  attacks  in  this  country  and  in  Europe.

    (ii)    In  ordering  the  temporary  suspension  of  entry  described  in  subsection  (b)(i)  of  this  section,  I  exercised  my  authority  under  Article  II  of  the  Constitution  and  under  section  212(f)  of  the  INA,  which  provides  in  relevant  part:  "Whenever  the  President  finds  that  the  entry  of  any  aliens  or  of  any  class  of  aliens  into  the  United  States  would  be  detrimental  to  the  interests  of  the  United  States,  he  may  by  proclamation,  and  for  such  period  as  he  shall  deem  necessary,  suspend  the  entry  of  all  aliens  or  any  class  of  aliens  as  immigrants  or  nonimmigrants,  or  impose  on  the  entry  of  aliens  any  restrictions  he  may  deem  to  be  appropriate."  8  U.S.C.  1182(f).  Under  these  authorities,  I  determined  that,  for  a  brief  period  of  90  days,  while  existing  screening  and  vetting  procedures  were  under  review,  the  entry  into  the  United  States  of  certain  aliens  from  the  seven  identified  countries  --  each  afflicted  by  terrorism  in  a  manner  that  compromised  the  ability  of  the  United  States  to  rely  on  normal  decision-making  procedures  about  travel  to  the  United  States  --  would  be  detrimental  to  the  interests  of  the  United  States.  Nonetheless,  I  permitted  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  to  grant  case-by-case  waivers  when  they  determined  that  it  was  in  the  national  interest  to  do  so.

    (iii)  Executive  Order  13769  also  suspended  the  USRAP  for  120  days.  Terrorist  groups  have  sought  to  infiltrate  several  nations  through  refugee  programs.  Accordingly,  I  temporarily  suspended  the  USRAP  pending  a  review  of  our  procedures  for  screening  and  vetting  refugees.  Nonetheless,  I  permitted  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  to  jointly  grant  case-by-case  waivers  when  they  determined  that  it  was  in  the  national  interest  to  do  so.

    (iv)    Executive  Order  13769  did  not  provide  a  basis  for  discriminating  for  or  against  members  of  any  particular  religion.  While  that  order  allowed  for  prioritization  of  refugee  claims  from  members  of  persecuted  religious  minority  groups,  that  priority  applied  to  refugees  from  every  nation,  including  those  in  which  Islam  is  a  minority  religion,  and  it  applied  to  minority  sects  within  a  religion.  That  order  was  not  motivated  by  animus  toward  any  religion,  but  was  instead  intended  to  protect  the  ability  of  religious  minorities  --  whoever  they  are  and  wherever  they  reside  --  to  avail  themselves  of  the  USRAP  in  light  of  their  particular  challenges  and  circumstances.

          (c)  The  implementation  of  Executive  Order  13769  has  been  delayed  by  litigation.  Most  significantly,  enforcement  of  critical  provisions  of  that  order  has  been  temporarily  halted  by  court  orders  that  apply  nationwide  and  extend  even  to  foreign  nationals  with  no  prior  or  substantial  connection  to  the  United  States.  On  February  9,  2017,  the  United  States  Court  of  Appeals  for  the  Ninth  Circuit  declined  to  stay  or  narrow  one  such  order  pending  the  outcome  of  further  judicial  proceedings,  while  noting  that  the  "political  branches  are  far  better  equipped  to  make  appropriate  distinctions"  about  who  should  be  covered  by  a  suspension  of  entry  or  of  refugee  admissions.

          (d)  Nationals  from  the  countries  previously  identified  under  section  217(a)(12)  of  the  INA  warrant  additional  scrutiny  in  connection  with  our  immigration  policies  because  the  conditions  in  these  countries  present  heightened  threats.  Each  of  these  countries  is  a  state  sponsor  of  terrorism,  has  been  significantly  compromised  by  terrorist  organizations,  or  contains  active  conflict  zones.  Any  of  these  circumstances  diminishes  the  foreign  government's  willingness  or  ability  to  share  or  validate  important  information  about  individuals  seeking  to  travel  to  the  United  States.  Moreover,  the  significant  presence  in  each  of  these  countries  of  terrorist  organizations,  their  members,  and  others  exposed  to  those  organizations  increases  the  chance  that  conditions  will  be  exploited  to  enable  terrorist  operatives  or  sympathizers  to  travel  to  the  United  States.  Finally,  once  foreign  nationals  from  these  countries  are  admitted  to  the  United  States,  it  is  often  difficult  to  remove  them,  because  many  of  these  countries  typically  delay  issuing,  or  refuse  to  issue,  travel  documents. 

          (e)  The  following  are  brief  descriptions,  taken  in  part  from  the  Department  of  State's  Country  Reports  on  Terrorism  2015  (June  2016),  of  some  of  the  conditions  in  six  of  the  previously  designated  countries  that  demonstrate  why  their  nationals  continue  to  present  heightened  risks  to  the  security  of  the  United  States:

    (i)    Iran.  Iran  has  been  designated  as  a  state  sponsor  of  terrorism  since  1984  and  continues  to  support  various  terrorist  groups,  including  Hizballah,  Hamas,  and  terrorist  groups  in  Iraq.  Iran  has  also  been  linked  to  support  for  al-Qa'ida  and  has  permitted  al-Qa'ida  to  transport  funds  and  fighters  through  Iran  to  Syria  and  South  Asia.  Iran  does  not  cooperate  with  the  United  States  in  counterterrorism  efforts.

    (ii)    Libya.  Libya  is  an  active  combat  zone,  with  hostilities  between  the  internationally  recognized  government  and  its  rivals.  In  many  parts  of  the  country,  security  and  law  enforcement  functions  are  provided  by  armed  militias  rather  than  state  institutions.  Violent  extremist  groups,  including  the  Islamic  State  of  Iraq  and  Syria  (ISIS),  have  exploited  these  conditions  to  expand  their  presence  in  the  country.  The  Libyan  government  provides  some  cooperation  with  the  United  States'  counterterrorism  efforts,  but  it  is  unable  to  secure  thousands  of  miles  of  its  land  and  maritime  borders,  enabling  the  illicit  flow  of  weapons,  migrants,  and  foreign  terrorist  fighters.  The  United  States  Embassy  in  Libya  suspended  its  operations  in  2014.

    (iii)  Somalia.  Portions  of  Somalia  have  been  terrorist  safe  havens.  Al-Shabaab,  an  al-Qa'ida-affiliated  terrorist  group,  has  operated  in  the  country  for  years  and  continues  to  plan  and  mount  operations  within  Somalia  and  in  neighboring  countries.  Somalia  has  porous  borders,  and  most  countries  do  not  recognize  Somali  identity  documents.  The  Somali  government  cooperates  with  the  United  States  in  some  counterterrorism  operations  but  does  not  have  the  capacity  to  sustain  military  pressure  on  or  to  investigate  suspected  terrorists.

    (iv)    Sudan.  Sudan  has  been  designated  as  a  state  sponsor  of  terrorism  since  1993  because  of  its  support  for  international  terrorist  groups,  including  Hizballah  and  Hamas.  Historically,  Sudan  provided  safe  havens  for  al-Qa'ida  and  other  terrorist  groups  to  meet  and  train.  Although  Sudan's  support  to  al-Qa'ida  has  ceased  and  it  provides  some  cooperation  with  the  United  States'  counterterrorism  efforts,  elements  of  core  al-Qa'ida  and  ISIS-linked  terrorist  groups  remain  active  in  the  country.

    (v)    Syria.  Syria  has  been  designated  as  a  state  sponsor  of  terrorism  since  1979.  The  Syrian  government  is  engaged  in  an  ongoing  military  conflict  against  ISIS  and  others  for  control  of  portions  of  the  country.  At  the  same  time,  Syria  continues  to  support  other  terrorist  groups.  It  has  allowed  or  encouraged  extremists  to  pass  through  its  territory  to  enter  Iraq.  ISIS  continues  to  attract  foreign  fighters  to  Syria  and  to  use  its  base  in  Syria  to  plot  or  encourage  attacks  around  the  globe,  including  in  the  United  States.  The  United  States  Embassy  in  Syria  suspended  its  operations  in  2012.  Syria  does  not  cooperate  with  the  United  States'  counterterrorism  efforts.

    (vi)    Yemen.  Yemen  is  the  site  of  an  ongoing  conflict  between  the  incumbent  government  and  the  Houthi-led  opposition.  Both  ISIS  and  a  second  group,  al-Qa'ida  in  the  Arabian  Peninsula  (AQAP),  have  exploited  this  conflict  to  expand  their  presence  in  Yemen  and  to  carry  out  hundreds  of  attacks.  Weapons  and  other  materials  smuggled  across  Yemen's  porous  borders  are  used  to  finance  AQAP  and  other  terrorist  activities.  In  2015,  the  United  States  Embassy  in  Yemen  suspended  its  operations,  and  embassy  staff  were  relocated  out  of  the  country.  Yemen  has  been  supportive  of,  but  has  not  been  able  to  cooperate  fully  with,  the  United  States  in  counterterrorism  efforts.

          (f)  In  light  of  the  conditions  in  these  six  countries,  until  the  assessment  of  current  screening  and  vetting  procedures  required  by  section  2  of  this  order  is  completed,  the  risk  of  erroneously  permitting  entry  of  a  national  of  one  of  these  countries  who  intends  to  commit  terrorist  acts  or  otherwise  harm  the  national  security  of  the  United  States  is  unacceptably  high.  Accordingly,  while  that  assessment  is  ongoing,  I  am  imposing  a  temporary  pause  on  the  entry  of  nationals  from  Iran,  Libya,  Somalia,  Sudan,  Syria,  and  Yemen,  subject  to  categorical  exceptions  and  case-by-case  waivers,  as  described  in  section  3  of  this  order.

          (g)  Iraq  presents  a  special  case.  Portions  of  Iraq  remain  active  combat  zones.  Since  2014,  ISIS  has  had  dominant  influence  over  significant  territory  in  northern  and  central  Iraq.  Although  that  influence  has  been  significantly  reduced  due  to  the  efforts  and  sacrifices  of  the  Iraqi  government  and  armed  forces,  working  along  with  a  United  States-led  coalition,  the  ongoing  conflict  has  impacted  the  Iraqi  government's  capacity  to  secure  its  borders  and  to  identify  fraudulent  travel  documents.  Nevertheless,  the  close  cooperative  relationship  between  the  United  States  and  the  democratically  elected  Iraqi  government,  the  strong  United  States  diplomatic  presence  in  Iraq,  the  significant  presence  of  United  States  forces  in  Iraq,  and  Iraq's  commitment  to  combat  ISIS  justify  different  treatment  for  Iraq.  In  particular,  those  Iraqi  government  forces  that  have  fought  to  regain  more  than  half  of  the  territory  previously  dominated  by  ISIS  have  shown  steadfast  determination  and  earned  enduring  respect  as  they  battle  an  armed  group  that  is  the  common  enemy  of  Iraq  and  the  United  States.  In  addition,  since  Executive  Order  13769  was  issued,  the  Iraqi  government  has  expressly  undertaken  steps  to  enhance  travel  documentation,  information  sharing,  and  the  return  of  Iraqi  nationals  subject  to  final  orders  of  removal.  Decisions  about  issuance  of  visas  or  granting  admission  to  Iraqi  nationals  should  be  subjected  to  additional  scrutiny  to  determine  if  applicants  have  connections  with  ISIS  or  other  terrorist  organizations,  or  otherwise  pose  a  risk  to  either  national  security  or  public  safety.

          (h)  Recent  history  shows  that  some  of  those  who  have  entered  the  United  States  through  our  immigration  system  have  proved  to  be  threats  to  our  national  security.  Since  2001,  hundreds  of  persons  born  abroad  have  been  convicted  of  terrorism-related  crimes  in  the  United  States.  They  have  included  not  just  persons  who  came  here  legally  on  visas  but  also  individuals  who  first  entered  the  country  as  refugees.  For  example,  in  January  2013,  two  Iraqi  nationals  admitted  to  the  United  States  as  refugees  in  2009  were  sentenced  to  40  years  and  to  life  in  prison,  respectively,  for  multiple  terrorism-related  offenses.  And  in  October  2014,  a  native  of  Somalia  who  had  been  brought  to  the  United  States  as  a  child  refugee  and  later  became  a  naturalized  United  States  citizen  was  sentenced  to  30  years  in  prison  for  attempting  to  use  a  weapon  of  mass  destruction  as  part  of  a  plot  to  detonate  a  bomb  at  a  crowded  Christmas-tree-lighting  ceremony  in  Portland,  Oregon.  The  Attorney  General  has  reported  to  me  that  more  than  300  persons  who  entered  the  United  States  as  refugees  are  currently  the  subjects  of  counterterrorism  investigations  by  the  Federal  Bureau  of  Investigation.

          (i)  Given  the  foregoing,  the  entry  into  the  United  States  of  foreign  nationals  who  may  commit,  aid,  or  support  acts  of  terrorism  remains  a  matter  of  grave  concern.  In  light  of  the  Ninth  Circuit's  observation  that  the  political  branches  are  better  suited  to  determine  the  appropriate  scope  of  any  suspensions  than  are  the  courts,  and  in  order  to  avoid  spending  additional  time  pursuing  litigation,  I  am  revoking  Executive  Order  13769  and  replacing  it  with  this  order,  which  expressly  excludes  from  the  suspensions  categories  of  aliens  that  have  prompted  judicial  concerns  and  which  clarifies  or  refines  the  approach  to  certain  other  issues  or  categories  of  affected  aliens.

          Sec.  2.  Temporary  Suspension  of  Entry  for  Nationals  of  Countries  of  Particular  Concern  During  Review  Period.  (a)  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  consultation  with  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence,  shall  conduct  a  worldwide  review  to  identify  whether,  and  if  so  what,  additional  information  will  be  needed  from  each  foreign  country  to  adjudicate  an  application  by  a  national  of  that  country  for  a  visa,  admission,  or  other  benefit  under  the  INA  (adjudications)  in  order  to  determine  that  the  individual  is  not  a  security  or  public-safety  threat.  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  may  conclude  that  certain  information  is  needed  from  particular  countries  even  if  it  is  not  needed  from  every  country.

          (b)  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  consultation  with  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence,  shall  submit  to  the  President  a  report  on  the  results  of  the  worldwide  review  described  in  subsection  (a)  of  this  section,  including  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security's  determination  of  the  information  needed  from  each  country  for  adjudications  and  a  list  of  countries  that  do  not  provide  adequate  information,  within  20  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order.  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  provide  a  copy  of  the  report  to  the  Secretary  of  State,  the  Attorney  General,  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence.

          (c)  To  temporarily  reduce  investigative  burdens  on  relevant  agencies  during  the  review  period  described  in  subsection  (a)  of  this  section,  to  ensure  the  proper  review  and  maximum  utilization  of  available  resources  for  the  screening  and  vetting  of  foreign  nationals,  to  ensure  that  adequate  standards  are  established  to  prevent  infiltration  by  foreign  terrorists,  and  in  light  of  the  national  security  concerns  referenced  in  section  1  of  this  order,  I  hereby  proclaim,  pursuant  to  sections  212(f)  and  215(a)  of  the  INA,  8  U.S.C.  1182(f)  and  1185(a),  that  the  unrestricted  entry  into  the  United  States  of  nationals  of  Iran,  Libya,  Somalia,  Sudan,  Syria,  and  Yemen  would  be  detrimental  to  the  interests  of  the  United  States.  I  therefore  direct  that  the  entry  into  the  United  States  of  nationals  of  those  six  countries  be  suspended  for  90  days  from  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  subject  to  the  limitations,  waivers,  and  exceptions  set  forth  in  sections  3  and  12  of  this  order.

          (d)  Upon  submission  of  the  report  described  in  subsection  (b)  of  this  section  regarding  the  information  needed  from  each  country  for  adjudications,  the  Secretary  of  State  shall  request  that  all  foreign  governments  that  do  not  supply  such  information  regarding  their  nationals  begin  providing  it  within  50  days  of  notification.

          (e)  After  the  period  described  in  subsection  (d)  of  this  section  expires,  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  consultation  with  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Attorney  General,  shall  submit  to  the  President  a  list  of  countries  recommended  for  inclusion  in  a  Presidential  proclamation  that  would  prohibit  the  entry  of  appropriate  categories  of  foreign  nationals  of  countries  that  have  not  provided  the  information  requested  until  they  do  so  or  until  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  certifies  that  the  country  has  an  adequate  plan  to  do  so,  or  has  adequately  shared  information  through  other  means.  The  Secretary  of  State,  the  Attorney  General,  or  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  may  also  submit  to  the  President  the  names  of  additional  countries  for  which  any  of  them  recommends  other  lawful  restrictions  or  limitations  deemed  necessary  for  the  security  or  welfare  of  the  United  States.

          (f)  At  any  point  after  the  submission  of  the  list  described  in  subsection  (e)  of  this  section,  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  consultation  with  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Attorney  General,  may  submit  to  the  President  the  names  of  any  additional  countries  recommended  for  similar  treatment,  as  well  as  the  names  of  any  countries  that  they  recommend  should  be  removed  from  the  scope  of  a  proclamation  described  in  subsection  (e)  of  this  section.

          (g)  The  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  submit  to  the  President  a  joint  report  on  the  progress  in  implementing  this  order  within  60  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  a  second  report  within  90  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  a  third  report  within  120  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  and  a  fourth  report  within  150  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order.

          Sec.  3.  Scope  and  Implementation  of  Suspension. 

          (a)  Scope.  Subject  to  the  exceptions  set  forth  in  subsection  (b)  of  this  section  and  any  waiver  under  subsection  (c)  of  this  section,  the  suspension  of  entry  pursuant  to  section  2  of  this  order  shall  apply  only  to  foreign  nationals  of  the  designated  countries  who:

    (i)    are  outside  the  United  States  on  the  effective  date  of  this  order;

    (ii)    did  not  have  a  valid  visa  at  5:00  p.m.,  eastern  standard  time  on  January  27,  2017;  and

    (iii)  do  not  have  a  valid  visa  on  the  effective  date  of  this  order.

          (b)  Exceptions.  The  suspension  of  entry  pursuant  to  section  2  of  this  order  shall  not  apply  to:

    (i)    any  lawful  permanent  resident  of  the  United  States;

    (ii)    any  foreign  national  who  is  admitted  to  or  paroled  into  the  United  States  on  or  after  the  effective  date  of  this  order;

    (iii)  any  foreign  national  who  has  a  document  other  than  a  visa,  valid  on  the  effective  date  of  this  order  or  issued  on  any  date  thereafter,  that  permits  him  or  her  to  travel  to  the  United  States  and  seek  entry  or  admission,  such  as  an  advance  parole  document;

    (iv)    any  dual  national  of  a  country  designated  under  section  2  of  this  order  when  the  individual  is  traveling  on  a  passport  issued  by  a  non-designated  country;

    (v)    any  foreign  national  traveling  on  a  diplomatic  or  diplomatic-type  visa,  North  Atlantic  Treaty  Organization  visa,  C-2  visa  for  travel  to  the  United  Nations,  or  G-1,  G-2,  G-3,  or  G-4  visa;  or

    (vi)    any  foreign  national  who  has  been  granted  asylum;  any  refugee  who  has  already  been  admitted  to  the  United  States;  or  any  individual  who  has  been  granted  withholding  of  removal,  advance  parole,  or  protection  under  the  Convention  Against  Torture.

          (c)  Waivers.  Notwithstanding  the  suspension  of  entry  pursuant  to  section  2  of  this  order,  a  consular  officer,  or,  as  appropriate,  the  Commissioner,  U.S.  Customs  and  Border  Protection  (CBP),  or  the  Commissioner's  delegee,  may,  in  the  consular  officer's  or  the  CBP  official's  discretion,  decide  on  a  case-by-case  basis  to  authorize  the  issuance  of  a  visa  to,  or  to  permit  the  entry  of,  a  foreign  national  for  whom  entry  is  otherwise  suspended  if  the  foreign  national  has  demonstrated  to  the  officer's  satisfaction  that  denying  entry  during  the  suspension  period  would  cause  undue  hardship,  and  that  his  or  her  entry  would  not  pose  a  threat  to  national  security  and  would  be  in  the  national  interest.  Unless  otherwise  specified  by  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  any  waiver  issued  by  a  consular  officer  as  part  of  the  visa  issuance  process  will  be  effective  both  for  the  issuance  of  a  visa  and  any  subsequent  entry  on  that  visa,  but  will  leave  all  other  requirements  for  admission  or  entry  unchanged.  Case-by-case  waivers  could  be  appropriate  in  circumstances  such  as  the  following:

    (i)      the  foreign  national  has  previously  been  admitted  to  the  United  States  for  a  continuous  period  of  work,  study,  or  other  long-term  activity,  is  outside  the  United  States  on  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  seeks  to  reenter  the  United  States  to  resume  that  activity,  and  the  denial  of  reentry  during  the  suspension  period  would  impair  that  activity;

    (ii)    the  foreign  national  has  previously  established  significant  contacts  with  the  United  States  but  is  outside  the  United  States  on  the  effective  date  of  this  order  for  work,  study,  or  other  lawful  activity;

    (iii)    the  foreign  national  seeks  to  enter  the  United  States  for  significant  business  or  professional  obligations  and  the  denial  of  entry  during  the  suspension  period  would  impair  those  obligations;

    (iv)    the  foreign  national  seeks  to  enter  the  United  States  to  visit  or  reside  with  a  close  family  member  (e.g.,  a  spouse,  child,  or  parent)  who  is  a  United  States  citizen,  lawful  permanent  resident,  or  alien  lawfully  admitted  on  a  valid  nonimmigrant  visa,  and  the  denial  of  entry  during  the  suspension  period  would  cause  undue  hardship;

    (v)      the  foreign  national  is  an  infant,  a  young  child  or  adoptee,  an  individual  needing  urgent  medical  care,  or  someone  whose  entry  is  otherwise  justified  by  the  special  circumstances  of  the  case;

    (vi)    the  foreign  national  has  been  employed  by,  or  on  behalf  of,  the  United  States  Government  (or  is  an  eligible  dependent  of  such  an  employee)  and  the  employee  can  document  that  he  or  she  has  provided  faithful  and  valuable  service  to  the  United  States  Government;

    (vii)    the  foreign  national  is  traveling  for  purposes  related  to  an  international  organization  designated  under  the  International  Organizations  Immunities  Act  (IOIA),  22  U.S.C.  288  et  seq.,  traveling  for  purposes  of  conducting  meetings  or  business  with  the  United  States  Government,  or  traveling  to  conduct  business  on  behalf  of  an  international  organization  not  designated  under  the  IOIA;

    (viii)  the  foreign  national  is  a  landed  Canadian  immigrant  who  applies  for  a  visa  at  a  location  within  Canada;  or

    (ix)    the  foreign  national  is  traveling  as  a  United  States  Government-sponsored  exchange  visitor.

          Sec.  4.  Additional  Inquiries  Related  to  Nationals  of  Iraq.  An  application  by  any  Iraqi  national  for  a  visa,  admission,  or  other  immigration  benefit  should  be  subjected  to  thorough  review,  including,  as  appropriate,  consultation  with  a  designee  of  the  Secretary  of  Defense  and  use  of  the  additional  information  that  has  been  obtained  in  the  context  of  the  close  U.S.-Iraqi  security  partnership,  since  Executive  Order  13769  was  issued,  concerning  individuals  suspected  of  ties  to  ISIS  or  other  terrorist  organizations  and  individuals  coming  from  territories  controlled  or  formerly  controlled  by  ISIS.  Such  review  shall  include  consideration  of  whether  the  applicant  has  connections  with  ISIS  or  other  terrorist  organizations  or  with  territory  that  is  or  has  been  under  the  dominant  influence  of  ISIS,  as  well  as  any  other  information  bearing  on  whether  the  applicant  may  be  a  threat  to  commit  acts  of  terrorism  or  otherwise  threaten  the  national  security  or  public  safety  of  the  United  States.

          Sec.  5.  Implementing  Uniform  Screening  and  Vetting  Standards  for  All  Immigration  Programs.  (a)  The  Secretary  of  State,  the  Attorney  General,  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence  shall  implement  a  program,  as  part  of  the  process  for  adjudications,  to  identify  individuals  who  seek  to  enter  the  United  States  on  a  fraudulent  basis,  who  support  terrorism,  violent  extremism,  acts  of  violence  toward  any  group  or  class  of  people  within  the  United  States,  or  who  present  a  risk  of  causing  harm  subsequent  to  their  entry.  This  program  shall  include  the  development  of  a  uniform  baseline  for  screening  and  vetting  standards  and  procedures,  such  as  in-person  interviews;  a  database  of  identity  documents  proffered  by  applicants  to  ensure  that  duplicate  documents  are  not  used  by  multiple  applicants;  amended  application  forms  that  include  questions  aimed  at  identifying  fraudulent  answers  and  malicious  intent;  a  mechanism  to  ensure  that  applicants  are  who  they  claim  to  be;  a  mechanism  to  assess  whether  applicants  may  commit,  aid,  or  support  any  kind  of  violent,  criminal,  or  terrorist  acts  after  entering  the  United  States;  and  any  other  appropriate  means  for  ensuring  the  proper  collection  of  all  information  necessary  for  a  rigorous  evaluation  of  all  grounds  of  inadmissibility  or  grounds  for  the  denial  of  other  immigration  benefits.

          (b)  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  conjunction  with  the  Secretary  of  State,  the  Attorney  General,  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence,  shall  submit  to  the  President  an  initial  report  on  the  progress  of  the  program  described  in  subsection  (a)  of  this  section  within  60  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  a  second  report  within  100  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  and  a  third  report  within  200  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order.

          Sec.  6.  Realignment  of  the  U.S.  Refugee  Admissions  Program  for  Fiscal  Year  2017.  (a)  The  Secretary  of  State  shall  suspend  travel  of  refugees  into  the  United  States  under  the  USRAP,  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  suspend  decisions  on  applications  for  refugee  status,  for  120  days  after  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  subject  to  waivers  pursuant  to  subsection  (c)  of  this  section.  During  the  120-day  period,  the  Secretary  of  State,  in  conjunction  with  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  and  in  consultation  with  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence,  shall  review  the  USRAP  application  and  adjudication  processes  to  determine  what  additional  procedures  should  be  used  to  ensure  that  individuals  seeking  admission  as  refugees  do  not  pose  a  threat  to  the  security  and  welfare  of  the  United  States,  and  shall  implement  such  additional  procedures.  The  suspension  described  in  this  subsection  shall  not  apply  to  refugee  applicants  who,  before  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  have  been  formally  scheduled  for  transit  by  the  Department  of  State.  The  Secretary  of  State  shall  resume  travel  of  refugees  into  the  United  States  under  the  USRAP  120  days  after  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  resume  making  decisions  on  applications  for  refugee  status  only  for  stateless  persons  and  nationals  of  countries  for  which  the  Secretary  of  State,  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  and  the  Director  of  National  Intelligence  have  jointly  determined  that  the  additional  procedures  implemented  pursuant  to  this  subsection  are  adequate  to  ensure  the  security  and  welfare  of  the  United  States.

          (b)  Pursuant  to  section  212(f)  of  the  INA,  I  hereby  proclaim  that  the  entry  of  more  than  50,000  refugees  in  fiscal  year  2017  would  be  detrimental  to  the  interests  of  the  United  States,  and  thus  suspend  any  entries  in  excess  of  that  number  until  such  time  as  I  determine  that  additional  entries  would  be  in  the  national  interest.

          (c)  Notwithstanding  the  temporary  suspension  imposed  pursuant  to  subsection  (a)  of  this  section,  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  may  jointly  determine  to  admit  individuals  to  the  United  States  as  refugees  on  a  case-by-case  basis,  in  their  discretion,  but  only  so  long  as  they  determine  that  the  entry  of  such  individuals  as  refugees  is  in  the  national  interest  and  does  not  pose  a  threat  to  the  security  or  welfare  of  the  United  States,  including  in  circumstances  such  as  the  following:  the  individual's  entry  would  enable  the  United  States  to  conform  its  conduct  to  a  preexisting  international  agreement  or  arrangement,  or  the  denial  of  entry  would  cause  undue  hardship.

          (d)  It  is  the  policy  of  the  executive  branch  that,  to  the  extent  permitted  by  law  and  as  practicable,  State  and  local  jurisdictions  be  granted  a  role  in  the  process  of  determining  the  placement  or  settlement  in  their  jurisdictions  of  aliens  eligible  to  be  admitted  to  the  United  States  as  refugees.  To  that  end,  the  Secretary  of  State  shall  examine  existing  law  to  determine  the  extent  to  which,  consistent  with  applicable  law,  State  and  local  jurisdictions  may  have  greater  involvement  in  the  process  of  determining  the  placement  or  resettlement  of  refugees  in  their  jurisdictions,  and  shall  devise  a  proposal  to  lawfully  promote  such  involvement.

          Sec.  7.  Rescission  of  Exercise  of  Authority  Relating  to  the  Terrorism  Grounds  of  Inadmissibility.  The  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall,  in  consultation  with  the  Attorney  General,  consider  rescinding  the  exercises  of  authority  permitted  by  section  212(d)(3)(B)  of  the  INA,  8  U.S.C.  1182(d)(3)(B),  relating  to  the  terrorism  grounds  of  inadmissibility,  as  well  as  any  related  implementing  directives  or  guidance.

          Sec.  8.  Expedited  Completion  of  the  Biometric  Entry-Exit  Tracking  System.  (a)  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  expedite  the  completion  and  implementation  of  a  biometric  entry‑exit  tracking  system  for  in-scope  travelers  to  the  United  States,  as  recommended  by  the  National  Commission  on  Terrorist  Attacks  Upon  the  United  States.

          (b)  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  submit  to  the  President  periodic  reports  on  the  progress  of  the  directive  set  forth  in  subsection  (a)  of  this  section.  The  initial  report  shall  be  submitted  within  100  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  a  second  report  shall  be  submitted  within  200  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order,  and  a  third  report  shall  be  submitted  within  365  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order.  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  submit  further  reports  every  180  days  thereafter  until  the  system  is  fully  deployed  and  operational.

          Sec.  9.  Visa  Interview  Security.  (a)  The  Secretary  of  State  shall  immediately  suspend  the  Visa  Interview  Waiver  Program  and  ensure  compliance  with  section  222  of  the  INA,  8  U.S.C.  1202,  which  requires  that  all  individuals  seeking  a  nonimmigrant  visa  undergo  an  in-person  interview,  subject  to  specific  statutory  exceptions.  This  suspension  shall  not  apply  to  any  foreign  national  traveling  on  a  diplomatic  or  diplomatic-type  visa,  North  Atlantic  Treaty  Organization  visa,  C-2  visa  for  travel  to  the  United  Nations,  or  G-1,  G-2,  G-3,  or  G-4  visa;  traveling  for  purposes  related  to  an  international  organization  designated  under  the  IOIA;  or  traveling  for  purposes  of  conducting  meetings  or  business  with  the  United  States  Government.

          (b)  To  the  extent  permitted  by  law  and  subject  to  the  availability  of  appropriations,  the  Secretary  of  State  shall  immediately  expand  the  Consular  Fellows  Program,  including  by  substantially  increasing  the  number  of  Fellows,  lengthening  or  making  permanent  the  period  of  service,  and  making  language  training  at  the  Foreign  Service  Institute  available  to  Fellows  for  assignment  to  posts  outside  of  their  area  of  core  linguistic  ability,  to  ensure  that  nonimmigrant  visa-interview  wait  times  are  not  unduly  affected.

          Sec.  10.  Visa  Validity  Reciprocity.  The  Secretary  of  State  shall  review  all  nonimmigrant  visa  reciprocity  agreements  and  arrangements  to  ensure  that  they  are,  with  respect  to  each  visa  classification,  truly  reciprocal  insofar  as  practicable  with  respect  to  validity  period  and  fees,  as  required  by  sections  221(c)  and  281  of  the  INA,  8  U.S.C.  1201(c)  and  1351,  and  other  treatment.  If  another  country  does  not  treat  United  States  nationals  seeking  nonimmigrant  visas  in  a  truly  reciprocal  manner,  the  Secretary  of  State  shall  adjust  the  visa  validity  period,  fee  schedule,  or  other  treatment  to  match  the  treatment  of  United  States  nationals  by  that  foreign  country,  to  the  extent  practicable.

          Sec.  11.  Transparency  and  Data  Collection.  (a)  To  be  more  transparent  with  the  American  people  and  to  implement  more  effectively  policies  and  practices  that  serve  the  national  interest,  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security,  in  consultation  with  the  Attorney  General,  shall,  consistent  with  applicable  law  and  national  security,  collect  and  make  publicly  available  the  following  information:

    (i)    information  regarding  the  number  of  foreign  nationals  in  the  United  States  who  have  been  charged  with  terrorism-related  offenses  while  in  the  United  States;  convicted  of  terrorism-related  offenses  while  in  the  United  States;  or  removed  from  the  United  States  based  on  terrorism-related  activity,  affiliation  with  or  provision  of  material  support  to  a  terrorism-related  organization,  or  any  other  national-security-related  reasons;

    (ii)    information  regarding  the  number  of  foreign  nationals  in  the  United  States  who  have  been  radicalized  after  entry  into  the  United  States  and  who  have  engaged  in  terrorism-related  acts,  or  who  have  provided  material  support  to  terrorism-related  organizations  in  countries  that  pose  a  threat  to  the  United  States;

    (iii)  information  regarding  the  number  and  types  of  acts  of  gender-based  violence  against  women,  including  so-called  "honor  killings,"  in  the  United  States  by  foreign  nationals;  and

    (iv)    any  other  information  relevant  to  public  safety  and  security  as  determined  by  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  or  the  Attorney  General,  including  information  on  the  immigration  status  of  foreign  nationals  charged  with  major  offenses.

          (b)  The  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  release  the  initial  report  under  subsection  (a)  of  this  section  within  180  days  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order  and  shall  include  information  for  the  period  from  September  11,  2001,  until  the  date  of  the  initial  report.  Subsequent  reports  shall  be  issued  every  180  days  thereafter  and  reflect  the  period  since  the  previous  report.

          Sec.  12.  Enforcement.  (a)  The  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  consult  with  appropriate  domestic  and  international  partners,  including  countries  and  organizations,  to  ensure  efficient,  effective,  and  appropriate  implementation  of  the  actions  directed  in  this  order.

          (b)  In  implementing  this  order,  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the  Secretary  of  Homeland  Security  shall  comply  with  all  applicable  laws  and  regulations,  including,  as  appropriate,  those  providing  an  opportunity  for  individuals  to  claim  a  fear  of  persecution  or  torture,  such  as  the  credible  fear  determination  for  aliens  covered  by  section  235(b)(1)(A)  of  the  INA,  8  U.S.C.  1225(b)(1)(A).

          (c)  No  immigrant  or  nonimmigrant  visa  issued  before  the  effective  date  of  this  order  shall  be  revoked  pursuant  to  this  order. 

          (d)  Any  individual  whose  visa  was  marked  revoked  or  marked  canceled  as  a  result  of  Executive  Order  13769  shall  be  entitled  to  a  travel  document  confirming  that  the  individual  is  permitted  to  travel  to  the  United  States  and  seek  entry.  Any  prior  cancellation  or  revocation  of  a  visa  that  was  solely  pursuant  to  Executive  Order  13769  shall  not  be  the  basis  of  inadmissibility  for  any  future  determination  about  entry  or  admissibility.

          (e)  This  order  shall  not  apply  to  an  individual  who  has  been  granted  asylum,  to  a  refugee  who  has  already  been  admitted  to  the  United  States,  or  to  an  individual  granted  withholding  of  removal  or  protection  under  the  Convention  Against  Torture.  Nothing  in  this  order  shall  be  construed  to  limit  the  ability  of  an  individual  to  seek  asylum,  withholding  of  removal,  or  protection  under  the  Convention  Against  Torture,  consistent  with  the  laws  of  the  United  States.

          Sec.  13.  Revocation.  Executive  Order  13769  of  January  27,  2017,  is  revoked  as  of  the  effective  date  of  this  order.

          Sec.  14.  Effective  Date.  This  order  is  effective  at  12:01  a.m.,  eastern  daylight  time  on  March  16,  2017.

          Sec.  15.  Severability.  (a)  If  any  provision  of  this  order,  or  the  application  of  any  provision  to  any  person  or  circumstance,  is  held  to  be  invalid,  the  remainder  of  this  order  and  the  application  of  its  other  provisions  to  any  other  persons  or  circumstances  shall  not  be  affected  thereby.

          (b)  If  any  provision  of  this  order,  or  the  application  of  any  provision  to  any  person  or  circumstance,  is  held  to  be  invalid  because  of  the  lack  of  certain  procedural  requirements,  the  relevant  executive  branch  officials  shall  implement  those  procedural  requirements.

          Sec.  16.  General  Provisions.  (a)  Nothing  in  this  order  shall  be  construed  to  impair  or  otherwise  affect:

    (i)    the  authority  granted  by  law  to  an  executive  department  or  agency,  or  the  head  thereof;  or

    (ii)  the  functions  of  the  Director  of  the  Office  of  Management  and  Budget  relating  to  budgetary,  administrative,  or  legislative  proposals.

          (b)  This  order  shall  be  implemented  consistent  with  applicable  law  and  subject  to  the  availability  of  appropriations.

          (c)  This  order  is  not  intended  to,  and  does  not,  create  any  right  or  benefit,  substantive  or  procedural,  enforceable  at  law  or  in  equity  by  any  party  against  the  United  States,  its  departments,  agencies,  or  entities,  its  officers,  employees,  or  agents,  or  any  other  person.

                                  DONALD  J.  TRUMP

    THE  WHITE  HOUSE,

        March  6,  2017.

    Q&A: Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry To The United States

    Q1. Who is subject to the suspension of entry under the Executive Order?

    Per the Executive Order, foreign nationals from Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen, who are outside the United States and who did not have a valid visa at 5 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on January 27, 2017, and do not have a valid visa on the effective date of this order are not eligible to enter the United States while the temporary suspension remains in effect. Thus any individual who had a valid visa either on January 27, 2017 (prior to 5:00 PM) or holds a valid visa on the effective date of the Executive Order is not barred from seeking entry.

    Q2. Will “in-transit” travelers within the scope of the Executive Order be denied entry into the United States and returned to their country of origin?

    Those individuals who are traveling on valid visas and arrive at a U.S. port of entry will still be permitted to seek entry into the United States.  All foreign nationals traveling with a visa must continue to satisfy all requirements for entry, including demonstrating that they are admissible.  Additional information on applying for admission to the United States is available on CBP.gov. (https://www.cbp.gov/travel/international-visitors/applyingadmission-united-states)

    Q3. I am a national from one of the six affected countries currently overseas and in possession of a valid visa, but I have no prior travel to the United States. Can I travel to the United States?

    Per the Executive Order, foreign nationals from Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen who have valid visas will not be affected by this Executive Order.  No visas will be revoked solely based on this Executive Order.

    Q4. I am presently in the United States in possession of a valid single entry visa but I am a national of one of the six impacted countries.  Can I travel abroad and return to the United States?

    Regardless of the Executive Order, your visa is not valid for multiple entries into the Unites States. While the Executive Order does not apply to those within the United States and your travel abroad is not limited, a valid visa or other document permitting you to travel to and seek admission to the United States is still required for any subsequent entry to the United States.

    Q5. I am presently in the United States in possession of a valid multiple entry visa but am a national of one of the six affected countries, can I travel abroad and return to the United States?

    Yes. Individuals within the United States with valid multiple entry visas on the effective date of the order are eligible for travel to and from the United States, provided the visa remains valid and the traveler is otherwise admissible.  All foreign nationals traveling with a visa must satisfy all admissibility requirements for entry.  Additional information on applying for admission to the United States is available on CBP.gov. (https://www.cbp.gov/travel/international-visitors/applying-admission-unitedstates)

    Q6. I am from one of the six countries, currently in the United States in possession of a valid visa and have planned overseas travel.  My visa will expire while I am overseas, can I return to the United States?

    Travelers must have a valid visa to travel to the United States, regardless of the Executive Order.  Travelers who do not have a valid visa due to its expiration while abroad must obtain a new valid visa prior to returning to the United States. 

    Q7. Will the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of State (DOS) be revoking the visas of persons ineligible to travel under the revised Executive Order?

    Visas will not be revoked solely as a result of the Executive Order.  The Department of State has broad authority under Section 221(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to revoke visas. 

    Q8. What is the process for overseas travelers affected by the Executive Order to request a waiver?

    Waivers for overseas travelers without a valid U.S. visa will be adjudicated by the Department of State in conjunction with a visa application.

    Q9. How are returning refugees and asylees affected by the Executive Order?

    Returning refugees and asylees, i.e., individuals who have already been granted asylum or refugee status in the United States, are explicitly excepted from this Executive Order. As such, they may continue to travel consistent with existing requirements.

    Q10. Are first-time arrival refugees with valid travel documents allowed to travel to the United States?

    Yes, but only refugees, regardless of nationality, whose travel was already formally scheduled by the Department of State, are permitted to travel to the United States and seek admission.  The Department of State will have additional information.

    Q11. Will unaccompanied minors within the scope of the Executive Order be denied boarding and or denied entry into the United States?

    The Executive Order applies to those who do not have valid visas.  Any individuals, including children, who seek entry to the United States must have a valid visa (or other approved travel document) before travel to the United States. The Secretary of State may issue a waiver on a case-by-case basis when in the national interest of the United States. With such a waiver, a visa may be issued.  

    Q12. Is DHS complying with all court orders?

    DHS is complying, and will continue to comply, with all court orders in effect.

    Q13. When will the Executive Order be implemented?

    The Executive Order is effective at 12:01 A.M., Eastern Standard Time, on March 16, 2017.

    Q14. Will the Executive Order impact Trusted Traveler Program membership?

    No.  Currently, CBP does not have reciprocal agreements for a Trusted Traveler Program with any of the countries designated in the Executive Order.

    Q15. When will CBP issue guidance to both the field and airlines regarding the Executive Order?

    CBP will issue guidance and contact stakeholders to ensure timely implementation consistent with the terms of the Executive Order.

    Q16. Will first-time arrivals with valid immigrant visas be allowed to travel to the U.S.?

    Yes. Individuals holding valid visas on the effective date of the Executive Order or on January 27, 2017 prior to 5:00 PM do not fall within the scope of the Order.

    Q17. Does this affect travelers at all ports of entry?

    Yes, this Executive Order applies to travelers who are applying for entry into the United States at any port of entry—air, land, or sea —and includes preclearance locations.

    Q18. What does granting a waiver to the Executive Order mean?

    How are waivers applied to individual cases? Per the Executive Order, the Departments of Homeland Security and State can review individual cases and grant waivers on a case-by-case basis if a foreign national demonstrates that his or her entry into the United States is in the national interest, will not pose a threat to national security, and that denying entry during the suspension period will cause undue hardship.

    Q19. Does “from one of the six countries” mean citizen, national, or born in?

    The Executive Order applies to both nationals and citizens of the six countries. 

    Q20. How does the lawsuit/stay affect DHS operations in implementing this Executive Order?

    Questions regarding the application of specific federal court orders should be directed to the Department of Justice.

    Q21. Will nationals of the six countries with valid green cards (lawful permanent residents of the United States) be allowed to return to the United States?

    Per the Executive Order, the suspension of entry does not apply to lawful permanent residents of the United States.  

    Q22. Can a dual national who holds nationality with one of the six designated countries traveling with a passport from an unrestricted country travel to the United States?

    The Executive Order exempts from its scope any dual national of one of the six countries when the individual is traveling on a passport issued by a different non-designated country.

    Q23. Can a dual national who holds nationality with one of the six designated countries and is currently overseas, apply for an immigrant or nonimmigrant visa to the United States?

    Please contact the Department of State for information about how the Executive Order applies to visa applicants.

    Q24. Are international students, exchange visitors, and their dependents from the six countries (such as F, M, or J visa holders) included in the Executive Order? What kind of guidance is being given to 6 foreign students from these countries legally in the United States?

    The Executive Order does not apply to individuals who are within the United States on the effective date of the Order or to those individuals who hold a valid visa. Visas which were provisionally revoked solely as a result of the enforcement of Executive Order 13769 are valid for purposes of administering this Executive Order. Individuals holding valid F, M, or J visas may continue to travel to the United States on those visas if they are otherwise valid. Please contact the State Department for information about how the Executive Order applies to visa applicants.

    Q25. What happens to international students, exchange visitors or their dependents from the six countries, such as F, M or J visa holders if their visa expires while the Executive Order is in place and they have to depart the country?

    The Executive Order does not affect F, M, or J visa holders if they currently have a valid visa on the effective date or held a valid visa on January 27, 2017 prior to the issuance of the Executive Order. With that said, travelers must have a valid visa to travel to the United States, regardless of the Executive Order.  Travelers whose visa expires after the effective date of the Executive Order must obtain a new, valid visa to return to the United States

    Q26. Can U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) continue refugee interviews?

    The Departments of Homeland Security and State will conduct interviews as appropriate and consistent with the Executive Order. However, the Executive Order suspends decisions on applications for refugee status, unless the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State jointly determine, on a case by-case basis, that the entry of an individual as a refugee is in the national interest and would not pose a threat to the security or welfare of the United States.

    Q27. Can the exception for refugee admission be used for Refugee/Asylee Relative Petitions (Form I-730) cases where a family member is requesting a beneficiary follow to join?

    No. Individuals who already have valid visas or travel documents that permit them to travel to the United States are exempt from the Executive Order. To the extent that an individual does not yet have such documents, please contact the Department of State.

    Q28. Does the Executive Order apply to those currently being 6 adjudicated for naturalization or adjustment of status?

    USCIS will continue to adjudicate Applications for Naturalization (Form N-400) and Applications to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status (Form I-485) and grant citizenship consistent with existing practices.

    Q29. Will landed immigrants of Canada affected by the Executive Order be eligible for entry to the United States?

    Landed immigrants of Canada who hold passports from one of the six countries are eligible to apply for a visa, and coordinate a waiver, at a location within Canada.

    Q30. Has CBP issued clear guidance to CBP officers at ports of entry regarding the Executive Order?

    CBP has and will continue to issue any needed guidance to the field with respect to this Executive Order.

    Q31. What coordination is being done between CBP and the carriers?

    CBP has been and will remain in continuous communication with the airlines through CBP regional carrier liaisons. In addition, CBP will hold executive level calls with airlines in order to provide guidance, answer questions, and address concerns.

    Q32. What additional screening will nationals of restricted countries (as well as any visa applications) undergo as a result of the Executive Order?

    In making admission and visa eligibility determinations, DHS and DOS will continue to apply all appropriate security vetting procedures.

    Q33. Why is a temporary suspension warranted?

    The Executive Order signed on March 6, 2017, allows for the proper review and establishment of standards to prevent terrorist or criminal infiltration by foreign nationals.  The Executive Order protects the United States from countries compromised by terrorism and ensures a more rigorous vetting process. Protecting the American people is the highest priority of our Government and this Department. Congress and the Obama Administration designated these six countries as countries of concern due to the national security risks associated with their instability and the prevalence of terrorist fighters in their territories. The conditions in the six designated countries present a recognized threat, warranting additional scrutiny of their nationals seeking to travel to and enter the United States.  In order to ensure that the U.S. Government can conduct a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the national security risks, the Executive Order imposes a 90- day suspension on entry to the United States of nationals of those countries. Based on commitments from the Government of Iraq, the suspension of entry in this Executive Order will not apply to nationals of Iraq. Iraq has taken steps to increase their cooperation with the United States in the vetting of Iraqi nationals and as such it was determined that a temporary suspension is not warranted. DHS will faithfully execute the immigration laws and the President’s Executive Order, and will treat all of those we encounter humanely and with professionalism.

    Q34. Why is a suspension of the refugee program warranted?

    Some of those who have entered the United States as refugees have also proved to be threats to our national security.  For example, in October 2014, an individual admitted to the United States as a refugee from Somalia, and who later became a naturalized U.S. citizen was sentenced to 30 years in prison for attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction in connection with a plot to set off a bomb at a Christmas tree-lighting ceremony in Portland, Oregon.  The Federal Bureau of Investigation has reported that approximately 300 persons who entered the United States as refugees are currently the subjects of counterterrorism investigations.

    Q35. How were the six countries designated in the Executive Order selected?

    The six countries, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, had already been identified as presenting concerns about terrorism and travel to the United States. Specifically, the suspension applies to countries referred to in, or designated under—except Iraq—section 217(a)(12) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. § 1187(a)(12).In that provision Congress restricted use of the Visa Waiver Program by dual nationals of, and aliens recently present in, (A) Syria and Iraq, (B) any country designated by the Secretary of State as a state sponsor of terrorism (currently Iran, Syria, and Sudan), and (C) any other country designated as a country of concern by the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence. In 2016, the former Secretary of Homeland Security designated Libya, Somalia, and Yemen as additional countries of concern regarding aliens recently present in those countries. For the purposes of this Executive Order, although Iraq has been previously identified, based on commitments from the Government of Iraq, the suspension of entry in this Executive Order will not apply to nationals of Iraq. However, those who are dual nationals of Iraq and aliens recently present in Iraq continue to have restricted use of the Visa Waiver Program. On the basis of negotiations that have taken place between the Government of Iraq and the U.S. Department of State in the last month, Iraq will increase cooperation with the U.S. Government on the vetting of its citizens applying for a visa to travel to the United States. As such it was determined that a temporary suspension with respect to nationals of Iraq is not warranted at this time. Q36. Why was Iraq treated differently in this Executive Order? The close cooperative relationship between the United States and the democratically-elected Iraqi government, the strong U.S. diplomatic presence in Iraq, the significant presence of U.S. forces in Iraq, and Iraq’s commitment to combat ISIS justify different treatment. In particular, those Iraqi government forces that have fought to regain more than half of the territory previously dominated by ISIS have earned special status. In addition, since Executive Order 13769 was issued, the Iraqi government has expressly undertaken steps to provide additional information about its citizens for purposes of our immigration decisions. Accordingly, it is no longer necessary to include Iraq in the temporary suspension applicable to the other six countries, but visa applications and applications for admission to the United States by Iraqi nationals will be subjected to additional scrutiny to determine if they have connections with ISIS or other terrorist organizations.

    Q37. Are Iraqi nationals subject to the Executive Order?  Will they require a waiver to travel to the United States?

    This Executive Order does not presently suspend the entry of nationals of Iraq.  However, all travelers must have a valid travel document in order to travel to the United States. Admissibility will be determined by a CBP officer upon arrival at a Port of Entry. Please contact the Department of State for information related to visa eligibility and application.

    .

    What is going to happened to me??? Scared??? Need to Help? What does Trump's Executive order on immigration really mean?